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Calgary (/ˈkælɡəri, –ɡri/ ) is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta. It is situated at the confluence of the Bow River and the Elbow River in the south of the province, in an area of foothills and prairie, about 80 km (50 mi) east of the front ranges of the Canadian Rockies. The city anchors the south end of what Statistics Canada defines as the “Calgary–Edmonton Corridor“.
The city had a population of 1,239,220 in 2016, making it Alberta’s largest city and Canada’s third-largest municipality. Also in 2016, Calgary had a metropolitan population of 1,392,609, making it the fourth-largest census metropolitan area (CMA) in Canada.
The economy of Calgary includes activity in the energy, financial services, film and television, transportation and logistics, technology, manufacturing, aerospace, health and wellness, retail, and tourism sectors. The Calgary CMA is home to the second-highest number of corporate head offices in Canada among the country’s 800 largest corporations. As a result of its strong performing economy, especially during periods of oil boom, Calgary holds many economic distinctions particularly in categories related to personal wealth. In 2015, Calgary had the highest number of millionaires per capita of any major city in Canada.
In 1988, Calgary became the first Canadian city to host the Winter Olympic Games. Calgary has been consistently recognized for its high quality of life. Economist Intelligence Unit analysts have ranked Calgary as the 5th most livable city in the world in 2017 for the 8th consecutive year.